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Cooperation and Lessons from Linking the Islands
-Simultaneous Development of Nissology and the Local Studies on the each Island-
Date: 4th October 2014 13:00 – 17:00
Place:The Interdivisional Education and Research Building , 5th Floor

  The Nissology(Island Studies) Research Core Project is aimed at constructing cross-faculty and departmental system that builds on the 5 core fields of Kagoshima University Charter for education and research, namely Environment, Food and Health, Water, Energy, and Nissology. Through annual researches, reports creation and review meetings we are continuing to solidify the establishment and the enrichment of the educational and research system. We have reviewed the achievements the last fiscal year, especially the review meetings from then the islanders were invited; we were intended for this next symposium to do at some islands in Kagoshima.

Theme: Cooperation and lessons from linking the islands

  We will be discussing the approach to the simultaneous development of both local study and Nissology. The theme will be explored with Tanegashima Island and Satsunan Islands at the core of the discussion and will be broadening the topic onto the interrelationships between the Kagoshima Archipelago including the Amami Islands and other peripheral regions. We will further review the current state of cooperation between the island regions, the collaborative efforts between the locals, and the concrete significance of the collaborative measures from the standpoint research and academia.

Intension of this Symposium

  Kagoshima Islands have an area with unparalleled diversity and endlessness with rich uniqueness in abundance. The combined area (spanning 600km from north to south) and the population of the remote islands within Kagoshima Prefecture are ranked highest in Japan. However there are a number of regional challenges such as the development and the advancement of industry appealing to young population, lack of stable young/industrial-production population on the islands, development of the local culture, and collaboration between other local areas which include between islands. The development of culture, nature, and industries are not only the problems experienced by islands on an isolated level but are a common problem experienced by all. There is a need to review and create new ground with improvements by reflecting on inter-island collaboration and their relationship histories as well as their interactions with the mainland. In this Symposium this issue will be highlighted from the point of view of Satsunan Islands with its “history of connection”, development, its new potentials, together with the leading figures in local developments.
  The discussion of the “history of connection” will be held by Professor ISHII Masami (Tokyo Gakugei University), the leading specialist of the ethnology pioneer YANAKITA Kunio, who has been invited on this special occasion. He will focus on the theory of “Road above Ocean” in relation to Tanegashima Island. This will be further discussed from the point of view of Kuroshio (Black Current) Cultural Theory which links Okinawa and the Korean Peninsula by the visiting professor, Professor Kyung Soo Chun (Seoul University, Ethnology).
  The Symposium will continue with the reports from the local public. From Yakushima Island, there will be a talk on seed preservation, environment and local guide activities from Kuchinoerabu Island and from Tanegashima Island there will be reports on agriculture and horticulture as well as classes for water sports and other sea activities. The University will report on some of the cases of the concrete application of the theory of island tourism (Cultural Anthropology) and island information theory (Information Engineering/Computer Science).
  At this Symposium we would like to encourage all attendees to exchange opinions, including the people who are part of the broadcast. The topic can range from the applicability of the broad island promotion theory and its specificity in furthering contributions towards island development and promotion along with the way of the University. We would also appreciate any opinions and feedback after the Symposium.


13:00 Opening

13:10 Keynote Speech
     「Thinking about "Kaijo no michi (Road on Ocean)": The Case of the Satsunan Islands」
        ● ISHII Masami (Tokyo Gakugei University)
  •   Kunio Yanagita wrote "Kaijo no michi"(1961) and he considered origin of Japanese people from his experience and knowledge in this book. It didn't be enough to think about Satsunan Islands except for Amami Oshima. However, these islands in a line played the role as "the islands on the road" connecting Okinawa and the Kyushu district. It became clear by the recent studies that they were the meeting places of south and north cultures. While, Kunio Yanagita worried about "koto-ku" and then wrote "Shima no jinsei"(1951). We are living in the informational and international society, so I want to study about the pride of living in the small islands. For example, Tanegashima Island that has the Space Center is close to Yakushima Island that has the World Heritage. It must be the chance of thinking about not only nature and science but also the past and the future.

14:10 Comment
     「'Satsunan' and History of Japanese Anthropology:
       From TASHIRO Antei to KOKUBU Naochi」
        ●CHUN Kyung Soo (Research Center for the Pacific Islands, Kagoshima University)
  •   Satsuma had a different and independent way of modernization from the main stream of Japan as Bakubu, as a matter of fact. I would like to find out the way of Satsunan School in terms of the history of Japanese of anthropology. Tashiro Antei born in Kagoshima can be claimed as the pioneering the discipline of anthropology because he published an article on Satsunan archipelagos in the journal titled as <Jinrui-kaku-jatssi> at Tokyo in 1889 after survey in the area.

14:35 Symposium: Introduction to the Theme
        ●NAGASHIMA Shunsuke
          (Research Center for the Pacific Islands, Kagoshima University)

14:40 Report 1
     「Ocean School and Other Endeavours」
        ●KUME Mitsuharu (NPO, Turtle Crew)
  •   Living by our motto ”Human being are part of nature”, we facilitate series of nature awareness programs by focusing on the life of sea turtles to provide opportunities to feel the joy and the happiness of being in nature, and challenges that nature poses to us. Located off the coast of Southern Kyushu, Tanegashima is known as one of major nesting site of loggerhead sea turtles in the northern Pacific region. Depopulation is one of major issues that the island faces, and the loss of young generation hold challenges for the future. Our concern over the fact that many of them leave the island without knowing the beauty of the island has to offer, and realizing their fortunate surroundings. Based in the island, a home for sea turtles, we strive to promote natural awareness by offering various interactive activities that anyone can join. One of our highlighted programs includes a trip to a desert island in a sail boat searching for sea turtles and examining garbage found in the ocean. Programs are intended for cultivating respect and appreciation for nature while enjoying marine activities that linked to the life of sea turtles.

14:55 Report 2
     「Creating Local Community through Farming and Its Delivery」
        ●ENDO Hiromi (Nakawari Ginger farm)
  •   Based in Nakawari school district Kounomine Elementary School became the only closed down in Nishinoomote, and product commercialization and cultivation of the famous "ginger" as "healthy vegetables" and is also the origin of the name of ginger mountain village there is this elementary school through, I am working on the activation of elderly depopulated area. For number of people is small in the older center members, we start from where you recruit "farm supporters" from the city, and ask them to cooperate with the farm work. In addition, since in order to have a connection with urban areas, was carried Ownership System of ginger on "My Ginger Project", to get with the relationship how not just "consumers", and create a mechanism for me to cheer the activity itself have.

15:10 Report 3
     「Pinus armandii var. amamiana (Yakutane-goyo) and Erythrorchis altissima (Takatsururan)
      - The World of Rare Plants in Kumage Three Islands」
        ●TETSUKA Kenshi (Yakushima Biodiversity Conserving Conference)
  •  We would like to review the importance of protecting the nature and the environment through the conservation of two endangered plants living on the islands of Tanega-shima, Yakushima Island, and Kuchinoerabujima Island and also the meaning of communicating this to the generations to come. Yakutane-goyo is a unique endemic pine only grown in Yakushima and Tanegashima islands. On Yakushima Island, there are approximately two thousand survival trees distributing predominantly in the Natural World Heritage Areas. On Tanegashima Island, there are approximately three hundred left, however due to pine wilt disease, the numbers are dwindling. The Mishima is the northernmost islands in Japan where the non-foliage tropical plant belonging to the orchid family, Takatsururan, grows. They live symbiotically with the fungi in the laurel forest where there are chinquapin (Castanopsis sieboldii, Sudazii) and the laurels (Machilus thunbergii,Tabuno-ki), especially in the most undisturbed forest. The survival of this orchid for generations is dependent on the old laurel forests , however, there are only a few surviving due to various development works that has been taking place in Tanegashima and Yakushima islands. We are hoping that the unique and precious diversity of living organisms and the diversity cultures that are born in the richness of nature are shared as part of the “Learning about the Regions” scheme.

15:25 Report 4
     「The Changes in Consciousness by the“Eco-Tour of the Village”」
        ●KIFUNE Kyoko (Kuchinoerabujima Island)
  •   Kuchinoerabujima is a small island in the shape of a gourd to about 12 km northwest of Yakushima-island . I think many people saw the news that the mountain erupted on August 3 after 34 years silence. Even as long as they remain in the record, it is also the island of an active volcano eruption has been repeated again and again. In 2007 whole island has been specified for the Yakushima National Park. We are seeking to balance the use of tourism and conservation of nature.
      I will introduce the "eco-tour of the village" as a new form of tourism that is working on this island. And I will talk about changes in the island obtained in through the "eco-tour of the village". Then, to the population problem is a major problems facing Kuchinoerabujima, consider that we can do now.

15:40 Report 5
「Current Situation and the Future Prospect of Tourism in the Satsunan Islands
      of Kagoshima」
        ●KUWAHARA Sueo
          (Faculty of Faculty of Law, Economics and Humanities, Kagoshima University)

  •   Twenty-one inhabited islands lie on the sea south of mainland Kagoshima prefecture which extends 500 kilometers north and south. Among them are Mishima (Takeshima, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kuroshima), Osumi Islands (Tanegashima, Yakushima, Kuchinoerabujima), Tokara Islands (Kuchinoshima, Nakanoshima, Suwanosejima, Hirashima, Akusekijima, Kodakarajima, Takarajima), and Amai Islands (Amami Oshima, Kakromajima, Ukejima, Yorojima, Kikaijima, Tokunoshima, Okinoerabujima, Yoronjima). In this study, firstly, I will outline the present situation of tourism in Satsunan Islands of Kagoshima which is known as an islands prefecture. Secondly, from the viewpoint of tourism, I would like to discuss about how these islands have established the relationship with each other. Lastly, I will focus on the tourism of Tanegashima and Yakushima by positioning them in the overall island tourism of Kagoshima prefecture and also discuss about the characteristics and the future prospect of the two islands.

15:55 Report 6
     「Development and Utilization of Broadband Infrastructure at Islands in Kagoshima」
        ●MASUYA Masato (Computing and Communications Center, Kagoshima University)
  •   It has been constructed broadband infrastructures at isolated islands in Kagoshima, now there are no islands that do not have broadband Internet access environments. However, they are different depending on islands, actually, regional differences have been more widen than ever. And daily life of the island is very influenced by disconnection of Internet access lines, because they are closely related to each other. On the other hand, broadband infrastructures can release from spatial limitations and those utilization provides various new evolutions. I will give an overview of broadband infrastructure connections between islands of Kagoshima, describe current situations and problems, and look toward the future of islands from the point of view of the broadband Internet.

16:20 Discussion

17:00 Closing

Poster jepg

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