国際島嶼教育研究センター
Toppage
Record of activities in 2018 at KURCPI

  • Research Seminar No.183, 11 December 2017
    16:30-, The Interdivisional Education and Research Building, 5th Floor

    「Archaeological study on the Gusuku period, focusing on the emergence of social complexity in the Ryukyu archipelagos」
     GOYA Junko
    (Okinawa Prefectural University of Arts Faculty of Music)

     Recently, many schools have been actively teaching folk performing arts. An analysis of folk performing arts transmitted through school education has revealed that such approaches are becoming more diverse year by year. The adoption of folk performing arts in school education varies depending on the region. For example, some communities are no longer able to take a responsible role in passing down folk performing arts and therefore schools partially act as their substitutes. In the case of the Yaeyama Islands analyzed in this study, three local high schools are teaching folk performing arts while being involved with their respective communities. In this process, however, none of the folk performing arts has been separated from the communities; rather, their connections with the communities have been strengthened.
     In this context, this presentation aims to reveal the current situation and outlook of how to preserve and transmit Yaeyama Performing Arts through the case studies of ongoing education about them at three high schools in the Yaeyama Islands as well as the analysis of historical, social, and cultural backgrounds of the islands. At the same time, this presentation examines the impacts of the exchanges of people between the Yaeyama Islands and Okinawa Main island in the early-modern Ryukyu era to uncover what kind of people were involved to form today's Yaeyama Performing Arts and how they have been adopted in school education.
    of the three kingdoms and finally to the formation of the Ryukyu kingdom.


  • Research Seminar No.184, 22 January 2018
    16:30-, The Interdivisional Education and Research Building, 5th Floor

    「Koreans of the South Sea Islands: The Copra industry and the Koreans in Yap Island during the Japanese Period」
    CHO, Sung Youn
     (Research Center for the Pacific Islands, Kagoshima University: Jeju National University)

     The objective of the present research is to investigate into the history of a Korean family who lived in Yap Island of the South Sea Islands during the Japanese colonial period. By investigating into the Japanese community that lived in Yap Island which was one of the main islands in the South Sea Islands, I will provide a review of adaptive strategy of Koreans who were part of the community.
     The person that I interviewed was Doosung Ko, who lives in Jeju Island in Korea now. He was born in 1934 at Yap Island, lived there until he was 7 years old, and returned to Jeju Island in 1940.
     Father Myeongryoe Ko was born in 1902, opened a store, and engaged in the work of collecting Copra from the locals. Ko went around the island to collect coconuts. In the late 1930s, he opened hospital and restaurant in Yap Island and became a successful businessman who rubbed shoulders with Japanese. In 1940, he came back to Jeju Island and escaped the pacific war.
     Meanwhile, Hwang Young-sam, who lived on the island of Satawal Island, and collected Copra by mobilizing residents. He was killed by the villagers, and after that event, Hijikata Hisakatsu entered the island with his disciples, and acts as a Copra collector on the other hand, as an artist, as a folk scholar.
     The two cases show me about Koreans activities how to engage in commercial activities, unlike those of the Koreans who were forcefully mobilized during the Pacific War. It would have been possible for the Korean people to gain recognition in their own networks by gaining recognition from the Japanese community in order to succeed in the South Sea Islands.












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