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Record of activities in 2017 at KURCPI

  • Research Seminar No.176, 13 March 2017
    16:30-, The Interdivisional Education and Research Building , 5th Floor

    uWhat Makes Me Study Headhunting?v
    @YAMADA Hitoshi
    (Graduate School of Arts and Letters, Tohoku University)


    @@After a brief overview of my book, Religious Ethnology of Headhunting (Chikuma Shobo, 2015), I will discuss the development of headhunting studies after its publication, and then talk about my own motivation for, and the significance of, this sort of studies. As might be astonishing, the custom of headhunting was extremely rare among hunter-gatherers, while quite common among horticulturalists in both Continental and Insular Southeast Asia. The basic idea was to secure by this act the fertility of crops and women, success of hunting, and warding off of diseases. In Japanese history we have apparently similar acts in times of wars, as is shown in K. Shimizu, Japanese History of Cutting Off Ears and Noses, and K. Muroi, Mounts of Head, Body, and Thousand People (both Yosensha, 2015). F. Larson's Severed (Japanese translation: Kawade Shobo Shinsha, 2015) mentions the so-called shrunken heads of the Jibaro or Shuar in South America, which share interesting features with headhunting in Southeast Asia. What drives me towards such studies? Itfs because I believe things very remote from our own common sense can reveal the essence of human kind ? it is almost incredible how much the notion on the value of human life has changed and varied both over the long history and among the wide range of cultures.



  • Research Seminar No.175, 13 February 2017
    16:30-, The Interdivisional Education and Research Building , 5th Floor

    uThe Challenges of Crime in Papua New Guinea with Some Reference to Crime in Japanv
    @SALI Gary
    (Research Center for the Pacific Islands, Kagoshima University)


    @@The presentation is an analytical understanding of not only crime concerns in Papua New Guinea but also a broader context of the conditions in which crime occurs are illuminated with some comparisons with Japanese crime and justice system. Using relevant literature review materials and anecdotal evidences available through the various media channels, the presentation will provide the crime concerns from Papua New Guinea through the lenses of white-collar crime; transnational crime; ethnic conflict; property crime; and crime against person. It is echoed throughout the presentation that crime is not an isolated and separate problem, but it originates from the broader social context in which Papua New Guineans and Japanese reside and operate their daily lives. Japan has continued to have low crime rate compared with many developed and developing countries in the world and therefore Papua New Guinea must learn not only from its criminal justice system but structural factors that have contributed towards such a low crime rate. It will be highlighted that Papua New Guinea need to get away from the crisis driven approaches and see the crime problem being shaped by mixture of structural factors that require not only committed political will and resources but a strong, vibrant, stable, and resilient bureaucratic and law and justice system to prevent this appalling state of crime in the country.










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